If you notice that your gums look inflamed, then you might have a condition known as gingivitis. Gingivitis occurs when bacteria collects along a tooth’s gum line. This is more commonly referred to as plaque-induced gingivitis. Although gingivitis is a reversible condition, it can deteriorate to periodontitis if left untreated. This can then lead to permanent loss of teeth.
Here are several causes of gingivitis:
● Plaque And Tartar Buildup. When bacterial plaque accumulates, the immune system gets triggered, damaging the gingiva and possibly leading to periodontal conditions. Plaque stems from bacteria that sticks to teeth. Too much plaque buildup can lead to decay and loss of teeth. Without regular brushing and flossing, tartar builds along the gum line and requires removal by a professional dentist or hygienist.
● Hormonal changes. Pregnancy, menopause, puberty, and menstruation can cause sensitivity, resulting in gum inflammation.
● Medications. Adverse reactions such as dry mouth can significantly reduce the amount of saliva the mouth. Saliva helps to wash bacteria away. Some other medications, such as Dilantin, have been known to cause gum tissue to grow abnormally.
● Tobacco use. Gingivitis is more common in smokers and chewing tobacco users.
● Genetics. Family genes might influence gingivitis. Ask your parents if they ever had gingivitis.
● A weakened immune system. HIV and cancer can do serious damage to teeth and gums. Work in concert with your dentist and all your doctors to minimize side effects from these diseases.
● Diabetes. If blood sugar is not under control, infections such as cavities and periodontal disease can develop.
If your gums look inflamed, give Ohana Dental Clinic a call today at (905) 697-3440.